BFOQ stands for Bona Fide Occupational Qualification.
Title VII and the Age Discrimination and Employment
Act (ADEA) permit discrimination on the basis of sex,
national origin, and age if it can be shown to be "reasonably
necessary to the normal operation" of the business.
It is the employers responsibility to prove BFOQs are "reasonably
necessary" and that there is no reasonable alternative
with a lesser impact on the protected classes. Employers
should seek legal counsel if they believe a job requires
a BFOQ that would permit discrimination.