Federal contractors and subcontractors are required
to take affirmative action to ensure that all individuals
have an equal opportunity for employment, without regard
to race, color, religion, sex, national origin, disability
or status as a Vietnam era or special disabled veteran.
Non-construction (service and supply) contractors with
50 or more employees and government contracts of $50,000
or more are required to develop and implement a written
affirmative action program (AAP). Affirmative action
programs consist of three parts: 1) problem identification,
2) self-analysis, and 3) action-oriented programs.
An AAP is defined as a "set of specific and result-oriented
procedures to which a contractor commits itself to
apply every good faith effort." For construction
contractors, the Office of Federal Contract Compliance
Programs (OFCCP) establishes goals and specifies affirmative
action which must be undertaken.